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The Fair Housing Act

Flag Of The United States Department Of Housing And Urban Development

The Federal Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination in residential housing transactions because of a person’s protected class status.

Protected Classes

The Federal Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of a person’s

  • Race
  • Color
  • Religion
  • National Origin
  • Sex
  • Familial Status
  • Disability Status

Covered Markets

The Federal Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination in the following markets:

  • Rental
  • Sales
  • Lending
  • Insurance
  • Zoning
  • All other areas connected with residential housing

Covered Dwellings

The Federal Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination in all Residential Housing Including (but not limited to):

  • Private & Subsidized Units
  • Single Family Units
  • Multi-family Units
  • Migrant Housing
  • Temporary Shelters
  • Assisted Living
  • Dormitories

Prohibited Activities

The Federal Fair Housing Act prohibits the following activities:

  • Refusing to sell or rent after the making of a bona fide offer, or otherwise making unavailable or denying housing
  • Discriminating in the terms, conditions and privileges of sale or of rental
  • Making, printing or publishing a discriminatory statement
  • Lying about availability
  • With respect to disability, refusing to make reasonable accommodations, or refusing to allow reasonable modifications
  • Harassing, intimidating, coercing someone on account of membership in a protected class (includes retaliation for pursuing, or helping another pursue, their fair housing rights)

Statute of Limitations

  • Federal Act:
    • 1 year from date of last act to file a HUD complaint
    • 2 years from date of last act to file a lawsuit
  • The Tennessee Act:
    • 180 days from date of last act to file a complaint with THRC
    • 1 year from date of last act to file a lawsuit

Who to Contact if You Believe You Have Been Discriminated Against

For more information on the Fair Housing Act, see this presentation.